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You will be writing a case study to collect and present sub-group information about a selected individual or group of people. A case study is part of a qualitative descriptive study, at the end of which conclusions are drawn about a specific object of work in a specific context. Usually, the one who writes such work does not pursue the goal of arriving at a generalized truth, and they have no interest in showing a causal relationship. Rather, they emphasize research and description of the objects of their work.
All variables that are involved in the case study will be explored to make the overall situation understandable and the events justified. To reach this level of understanding, you must describe in detail the object you are evaluating, the circumstances in which it happened, the characteristics of the people involved in the process, and the characteristics of the object itself in a particular society. You can include demographics such as norms, mores, social values, motives, and public opinion in your detailed description.
A survey is a so-called quantitative research method that focuses more on “who”, “where”, and “how much”. This happens by placing a person in a certain context. At the same time, the case study strategy is preferable because it asks questions about “how” and “why”. Also, in cases where the executive researcher has the ability to control events in real-time, the case study may also be preferred.
Note! A case study is a less focused experiment, so it requires solving problems that will be aimed at a general understanding of a particular object or event. During the process, adapt to the use of inductive logic, which means parsing terms from specific to more general.
If you’re in academia, it’s likely that case studies will be used as a naturalistic or qualitative type. Case studies are otherwise known as ethnography replacement, participant observation, or field research. The difference between this type of work and statistics-based research, which aims to collect quantitative data, is that all the information collected for summary is used for further research.
You can use several methods and approaches in your work to conduct case studies. Since there are quite a lot of them, several divisions were created, which are divided depending on what tasks you set for yourself as you research.
In addition to the general guidelines and rules, you can see what experts advise when writing a case study:
How to Write a Case Study in Film and Theatre Studies
How to Write a Case Study in Classic English Literature: No More Pain And Struggle
How to Write a Case Study in Family and Consumer Science
In general, it can be said that such studies are descriptive in themselves. In their case, two examples of a specific event are usually used in order to be able to compare. You will write an illustrative case study in order to introduce readers to the unfamiliar and to show the general characteristics of the topic that you have covered.
Such investigations are usually the previous phase of some major investigation. You will be writing this type of work to determine questions for future core research and to choose what types of measurements you will use. The main mistake that research participants make is usually that the results obtained after the first attempt seem very convincing and reliable, that they are taken as the conclusions of the final work.
You will use this type of research to collect and combine information from different sources that have been published at different times. Using this technique allows you to make a conclusion faster on the basis of existing data, without creating new studies that may be repeated.
Once you have become familiar with the different types of case studies and know what the theoretical point of view of this type of work is, then you can start developing your research. Research design is understood as a logical chain that provides a link between the data collected and the conclusions drawn for the original study. With the help of a case study, you can solve at least 4 problems, including:
It will probably be difficult or impossible for you to come up with some kind of universal or rigorous plan to conduct case studies because they can be on a wide variety of topics, ranging from Anglo-Saxon literature to AIDS prevention. But among experts, there are opinions that it is possible to formulate a roughly universal plan. Here is Robert K. Yin’s 5-component structure for your case study:
You can think of a research plan as a whole journey from beginning to end, where the beginning is a set of questions that you have chosen to find answers to them, and the end is a set of conclusions to these questions.
You should pay attention to how clearly you formulate your theoretical point of view and define the goals of your research. Not least, you need to be able to choose the right research objects and suitable data collection methods. In the end, you need to properly report your work done so as not to devalue all the results.
Robert K. Yin
Initially, it is important to get a complete understanding of the subject of the case study, so you can use various methods and approaches related to the research questions, which you can see below.
The main purpose of collecting information is to get some conclusions from your data. As practice shows, researchers choose one of two ways of analysis: holistically or through coding. The first means holding your data together in order to draw a general conclusion – they are usually not broken into parts and individual characteristics.
Most often, you will use the second method, which means collecting data through a systematic search to identify or classify specific characteristics or activities. These variables will be coded and are key elements in the study. Expert Sharan Merriam developed 7 analytical frameworks to represent data and charts for the organization:
Sharan Merriam has two main goals for his schemas: to look for patterns that give meaning to the case study and those that are found among the data. This means that, despite the fact that the main goal of researchers is to finish their case studies with certain conclusions, some of them appear already at the stage of data collection and become key in the entire study.
Encoding is subjective and more than one encoder is usually used in a process. In the same study described above, there were 3 speakers who were hired to code students’ texts into non-registered phrases. In that project, an agreement was established between the coders, even before it was concluded that the student used an insufficient number of non-registered words in the course of the graduate program.
The report can be made in several forms since the case study is a very heterogeneous type of work and can be a story or a detailed analysis of real events. A case study can have a plot and exposition, characters, and even, sometimes, dialogues. Case study reports are mostly descriptive, and authors usually face the problem of how to combine analysis and description when writing. As a general rule, you should address each of your steps in the case study process and try to provide readers with as much content as possible related to the decisions and conclusions you made while solving the research question.
Note! In the report part of your research, you should include an explanation of your theoretical positions with a detailed description. So is the consequence of these theories and the origin of your case study idea.
An example is Emig’s research, which she completed with the topic of consequences, on the basis of which further research can be done. It shows readers several ways that they can use to improve the research, as well as conclusions that might be of interest as ideas for someone else’s work. She has included implications for educators in her essay, detailing the results of a study for high school teachers who teach writing programs.
You will often come across during the study of writing case study contradictions between the opinions of researchers on the topic of certain methods. Like many topics, a case study has its advantages and disadvantages. You can check them out below.
Those who can write case studies effectively insist that they are much more informative and specific than those written as a result of statistical analysis. Also, fans of this type of work believe that statistical analysis is well suited when it comes to homogeneous and routine situations, but case studies are still needed for those innovative, creative cases. Benefits of this type of work include:
Those who do not support case studies say that it is difficult to draw conclusions from a case study because of the difficulty in generalizing the results. They are subjective because they are based on data that can only be used in departments. Among the weaknesses of the case study are noted:
A case study is a type of research where you can change the direction of the process, forgetting what the original goal was. Or vice versa, realize in the process that the first idea was not adequate or not relevant and take another way to solve the issue, revising your goals. This can leave gaps and open questions in the whole case study as a result, which means that researchers should communicate preliminary results to sponsors in order to fix the point where they will move.
To inspire you to write your case study and learn how to choose the most interesting topic for your research, then look at the work of other writers and check them through:
Case Study Topics for Students to Cover Important Issues
Health Case Studies: 10 Facts to Imbue the Assignment With
Health Case Studies: 20 Topic Ideas to Dedicate Your Work To
Expert Merriam notes that it is common for society to attack researchers and criticize their work, to question the data they have collected. To combat this and correct the situation, there are a couple of suggestions:
Unfortunately, it is almost impossible to correct the fact that case studies have a generalization of their conclusions because the opinions of readers will always differ. In addition, as mentioned earlier, this type of work is quite subjective. Most likely this problem will not be solved, but you can change your mind and join the idea that high-quality case studies earn the confidence and should be highly appreciated. They confirm at some level aspects of the study and may well be reliable and valid. Fan experts believe that instead of weighing and comparing which method is better – quantitative, statistical, or case studies and judging what is bad and what is accurate, one can develop an understanding of generalization because it meets the basic characteristics of qualitative research.