If you are tasked with writing a critical essay or a literary analysis on Domestic Violence/Sexual Abuse in Indian Reservations, the first step is finding a great topic. But this step can often seem the hardest which is why you we provide you with a list of potential critical essay topics below.
With them you might be able to write your next essay:
The US take convictions for domestic assault and violence very seriously. Whether the state has an Indian reservation within its borders or not does not change the severity of the charges, or punishment. For a citizen who does not live in the Indian reservation, but commits such an act while on one, the jurisdiction for punishment will generally fall to the state authorities who prosecute it, just as any domestic abuse/violence charge.
“Domestic abuse battery” is the legal term for any violent crime against an acquaintance. If an individual uses force or violence against another member of their household, it is considered legally to be domestic abuse. This can include anyone within the household, opposite sex or the same sex, spouse or significant other. Anyone who has ever resided in the same household with the accused, including children, can legally fall victim to domestic violence. This extends to a child who has lived with the accused at any point over the last five years or any child of the accused even one who does not live with them full time.
Anyone who is charged with such a crime can face, in some states, a fine in the amount between three hundred and one thousand dollars. The jail sentencing for such a crime can be between ten days and six months. These minimum punishments can be changed if the court decides to offer probation for the convicted, something which requires them to have spent two days in jail, agreeing to go into a treatment program, and not having a firearm during this period in their possession. The state punishment can also be altered should the convicted be put on probation after the completion of four separate days of eight full hours at community service, in addition to which the convicted has to enter into a domestic abuse program. These two alterations to the minimum state sentencing are offered generally to fire time offenders. Any individual who is convicted a second time can opt to change the sentencing to include fifteen days in jail after which they are on probation, assuming they agree to serve thirty days of community service each of which lasts eight hours, and agree to enter into an abuse prevention program. The punishment for those on reservations is, again, contingent upon the local Native American authorities.
In all states, there is no sharp increase in domestic abuse in large part because of the severity of the punishment in the event of being charged. This is not the same for reservations where the rates of abuse are twice as high for native women as they are for any other group, located in any other type of environment. That said, the system is divided in terms of jurisdiction in order to acquiesce to the cultural demands of the local populations and make some form of reparations. However, it seems that this is not resulting in effective change, or any change for that matter. At this juncture, there need to be oversight committees in place to ensure the local reservation authorities are doing their job effectively, and after this trial period of oversight, if things have not improved significantly, there must be government intervention to put a stop to this horrific crime.
Bachman, Ronet. Death and violence in the reservation: Homicide, family violence, and suicide in American Indian populations. Abc-clio, 1992.
Bachman, R., Zaykowski, H., Kallmyer, R., Poteyeva, M., and Lanier, C. (2008). Violence against American Indian and Alaska Native women and the criminal justice response: What is known. Unpublished grant report to the US Department of Justice. Available from: www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/223691.pdf.
Hamby, Sherry L. “The importance of community in a feminist analysis of domestic violence among American Indians.” American journal of community psychology 28.5 (2000): 649-669.
Norton, Ilena M., and Spero M. Manson. “Domestic violence intervention in an urban Indian health center.” Community Mental Health Journal 33.4 (1997): 331-337.
Norton, Ilena M., and Spero M. Manson. “A silent minority: Battered American Indian women.” Journal of Family Violence 10.3 (1995): 307-318.
Roman, David. DOMESTIC VIOLENCE IN INDIAN RESERVATIONS. Diss. NATIONAL UNIVERSITY, 2015.
Tjaden, P., & Thoennes, N. (2000). Full report of the prevalence, incidence, and consequences of violence against women: Findings from the National Violence Against Women Survey [NCJ 183781]. Washington, DC: US Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice & the US Department of Health and Human Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Available from: www.ncjrs.gov/txtfiles1/nij/183781.txt.