If you are looking for fun facts on psychology studies for a statistical report, consider the exciting psychological studies conducted below:
- One study focused on the dynamic differences between males and females was that of Antonette King, Britney Wardecker, and Robin Edelstein who explored whether personal mastery buffers women from long-term outcomes associated with CSA (King et al., 2015). The authors evaluated women with and without childhood sexual abuse, interviewing them roughly two to four years after the birth of their first child; the period was selected based upon historical ideas of motherhood having an important impact on long-term effects of women that had been sexually abused during childhood (King et al., 2015). According to the author’s’ research victims of CSA are more likely to develop suicidal thoughts, depression, low self-esteem, and post-traumatic stress disorder. While all women experience some anxiety and challenges with a new birth, CSA victims often have greater maternal distress and anxiety due to negative family environments (King et al., 2015).
- Today, there is growth related to the holistic aspect of coping skills, focused primarily on more emotionally supportive methods of care that take into consideration all aspects of the patient and not just their mental state. One such breakthrough in this newer methodology completed by health practitioner and author Debra Rose Wilson who studied the health consequences of childhood sexual abuse survivors from a holistic perspective, providing a model with the purpose of supporting prevention, assessment, treatment, and legal advocacy for health care providers in the field with the use of existing research studies (Wilson, 2009). According to the author’s research, after reviewing multiple and significant longitudinal and epidemiology studies, adult survivors of CSA of both genders experience more eating disorders, obesity, addictions, depression, and autoimmune disorders, such as asthma and irritable bowel syndrome (2010).
- The work of Ullman and Peter-Hagene’s study which investigated coping strategies and CSA in their article titled Social Reactions to Sexual Assault Disclosure, Coping, Perceived Control, and PTSD Symptoms in Sexual Assault Victims (Ullman and Peter-Hagene, 2014).Using a sample of 1863 volunteer female sexual assault survivors from the Chicago area in the U.S., aged 18 to 71, with a racial makeup of 45 percent African Americans, 35 percent Caucasians, 2 percent Asian Americans, 14 percent Hispanic, and 8.1 percent other, the authors used a mail survey for respondents to complete (Ullman and Peter-Hagene, 2014) testing social reactions to assault disclosure on coping, perceived control over recovery, and PTSD symptoms. All participants had an unwanted sexual incident at the age of 14 or older, were currently the age of 18 and older, and had discussed the incident with someone historically; surveys were mailed to participants; survey questions included items related to social support, unwanted sexual experiences, PTSD symptoms, alcohol and drug use.
- One other consideration in current research is the ability to recognize early predictors of abuse, so as to afford a better opportunity for prevention and intervention. Debbie Sperry and Cathy Widom’s study objective was to determine if CSA and neglect predict low levels of social support in middle adulthood, along with exploring if social support was a factor in mediating or moderating the relationship between CSA and subsequent outcomes of anxiety, depression, and illicit drug use (Sperry and Widom, 2013). Their article was based upon a cohort design study of data from children with recorded histories of CSA and neglect from ages zero to eleven for the years 1967 to 1971; social support was assessed at age 39.5 and anxiety, depression, and illicit drug use was assesses at age 41.2 (Sperry and Widom, 2013).
- Results consisted of self-reporting having an impact on resilience but needed to be reviewed in the context of the type of assault; many of the studies did not assess factors relating to the sexual abuse such as severity, type, etc., which represented a clear gap in literature/
- The question of colored paper and its impact on academic performance has been measured for many years with results varying based on the clinical versus academic setting. Soldat, et al. (1997) tested the difference between red and blue colored paper for performance. The observations from this research indicated that there was a positive and negative effect in the form of happiness and sadness based on the color and that those with the blue paper performed better. The argument made by the researchers was that color was an affective cue and that it had a serious impact on performance.
- There are many coping strategies used today by adults who survived abuse. Of course, understanding which methods exist is the first step toward a greater appreciation for the wide spread requirements in this field. Kate Walsh, Michelle A. Fortier, and David DiLillo study the various coping theories (Walsh et al., 2010). The colleagues reviewed theories of coping with trauma and how these theories are applied to CSA victims coping as adults, by investigating over 39 studies, which consisted of 11 descriptive studies, 18 correlation studies, and ten investigational studies (Walsh et al., 2010). This study reviewed results discovered from theoretical information resulted in coping with sexual trauma indicating that it is a prolonged process requiring multiple strategies at different stages of recovery; descriptive studies revealed something similar, indicating that strategies evolve and change during the different coping phases (Walsh et al., 2010).
- One study emphasized the growing problem of re-victimization, something that is very prevalent throughout the current research. Michelle Fortier et al., 2009, tested a model that conceptualized the relationships between avoidant coping, increased trauma symptoms, and increased risk for adult sexual revictimization (Fortier et al., 2009). According to the authors, coping is extremely important for CSA victims, and “sexual trauma leads to efforts to adapt through various emotional and behavioral responses, which can be effective and address the problem or ineffective and avoid the problem, with effectiveness dependant upon timing and the nature of the stressor” (Fortier et al., 2009, p. 309).
- Authors Marjorie Feinson and Adi Meir evaluate the impacts of CSA and mental health, within a Jewish religious context in their 2015 study titled Exploring Mental Health Consequences of Childhood Abuse and the Relevance of Religiosity (Feinson and Meir, 2015). According to the authors, CSA has long been associated as a risk factor for mental health concerns, but little research has been done within a religious context (2015). The hypothesis of the study was that more mental health problems were associated with CSA victims versus non-CSA victims; noting that positive relationships exist traditionally between mental health patients and religious affiliation, the authors expected to find very few mental health problems from participants that were religiously devoted (Feinson and Meir, 2015).
- Expounding upon the concept of re-victimization is the serious concern about the continued relationships with perpetrators of abuse. David Cantón-Cortés and Cantón examine the use of coping strategies and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among young adults in their study (2010). Various ways of analyzing coping are discussed including problem-focused and emotion-focused, the former being based upon changing the stressful situation in the environment or how the individual responds and the latter being based upon changing how one deals with the situation or the meaning of what happened in the situation (Cantón-Cortés and Cantón, 2010). Active problem solving is another strategy reviewed, which consists of being aware of the stressor and taking action to avoid or deal with it.
These facts should provide you with core data for your future academic report writing. You will have no trouble integrating them into your narrative. Feel free to use our auxiliary resources among which are 20 topics and 1 sample essay on psychology studies as well as our guide on writing a statistical report on this very subject.
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Cantón-Cortés, D., & Cantón, J. (2010). Coping with child sexual abuse among college students and post-traumatic stress disorder: The role of continuity of abuse and relationship with the perpetrator. Child Abuse & Neglect, 34(7), 496-506. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2009.11.004
Feinson, M., & Meir, A. (2014). Exploring Mental Health Consequences of Childhood Abuse and the Relevance of Religiosity. Journal Of Interpersonal Violence, 30(3), 499-521. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260514535094
Fortier, M., DiLillo, D., Messman-Moore, T., Peugh, J., DeNardi, K., & Gaffey, K. (2009). SEVERITY OF CHILD SEXUAL ABUSE AND REVICTIMIZATION: THE MEDIATING ROLE OF COPING AND TRAUMA SYMPTOMS. Psychology Of Women Quarterly, 33(3), 308-320. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1471-6402.2009.01503.x
King, A., Wardecker, B., & Edelstein, R. (2015). Personal Mastery Buffers the Effects of Childhood Sexual Abuse on Women’s Health and Family Functioning. J Fam Viol, 30(7), 887-897. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10896-015-9728-4
Marriott, C., Hamilton-Giachritsis, C., & Harrop, C. (2014). Factors Promoting Resilience Following Childhood Sexual Abuse: A Structured, Narrative Review of the Literature. Child Abuse Rev., 23(1), 17-34. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/car.2258
Soldat, R.C. Sinclair, and M.M. Mark, “Color as an environmental processing cue: External affective cues can directly affect processing strategy without affecting mood,” Soc. Cognition 15(1), 55-71, 1997.
Sperry, D., & Widom, C. (2013). Child abuse and neglect, social support, and psychopathology in adulthood: A prospective investigation. Child Abuse & Neglect, 37(6), 415-425. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2013.02.006
Ullman, S., & Peter-Hagene, L. (2014). SOCIAL REACTIONS TO SEXUAL ASSAULT DISCLOSURE, COPING, PERCEIVED CONTROL, AND PTSD SYMPTOMS IN SEXUAL ASSAULT VICTIMS. Journal Of Community Psychology, 42(4), 495-508. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jcop.21624
Walsh, K., Fortier, M., & DiLillo, D. (2010). Adult coping with childhood sexual abuse: A theoretical and empirical review. Aggression And Violent Behavior, 15(1), 1-13. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.avb.2009.06.009
Wilson, D. (2010). Health Consequences of Childhood Sexual Abuse. Perspectives In Psychiatric Care, 46(1), 56-64. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-6163.2009.00238.x